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H.R.H. The Prince Philip, Duke of Edingburh

The principal types of aircraft operated by R.A.F. during WW2 and crashed in Belgium

Hawker Typhoon


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The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft. It was intended to be a medium–high altitude interceptor, as a replacement for the Hawker Hurricane but several design problems were encountered and it never completely satisfied this requirement.

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The Typhoon was originally designed to mount twelve .303 inch (7.7 mm) Browning machine guns and be powered by the latest 2,000 hp engines. Its service introduction in mid-1941 was plagued with problems and for several months the aircraft faced a doubtful future.[3] When the Luftwaffe brought the formidable Focke-Wulf Fw 190 into service in 1941, the Typhoon was the only RAF fighter capable of catching it at low altitudes; as a result it secured a new role as a low-altitude interceptor.

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The Typhoon became established in roles such as night-time intruder and long-range fighter. From late 1942 the Typhoon was equipped with bombs and from late 1943 RP-3 rockets were added to its armoury. With those weapons and its four 20mm Hispano autocannons, the Typhoon became one of the Second World War's most successful ground-attack aircraft.

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General characteristics

Crew: 1
Length: 31 ft 11.5 in (9.741 m) [nb 21]
Wingspan: 41 ft 7 in (12.67 m)
Height: 15 ft 4 in (4.67 m) [nb 22]
Wing area: 279 sq ft (25.9 m2)
Airfoil: root: NACA 2219; tip: NACA 2213[93]
Empty weight: 8,840 lb (4,010 kg)
Gross weight: 11,400 lb (5,171 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 13,250 lb (6,010 kg) [nb 23]
Powerplant: 1 × Napier Sabre IIA, IIB or IIC H-24 liquid-cooled sleeve-valve piston engine, 2,180 hp (1,630 kW)
Sabre IIB: 2,200 hp (1,600 kW)
Sabre IIC: 2,260 hp (1,690 kW)
Propellers: 3 or 4-bladed de Havilland or Rotol constant-speed propeller

Performance

Maximum speed: 412 mph (663 km/h; 358 kn) at 19,000 ft (5,800 m) with Sabre IIB & 4-bladed propeller[nb 24]
Stall speed: 88 mph (142 km/h; 76 kn) IAS with flaps up
Range: 510 mi (443 nmi; 821 km) [nb 25]
Service ceiling: 35,200 ft (10,700 m)
Rate of climb: 2,740 ft/min (13.9 m/s) [nb 26]
Wing loading: 40.9 lb/sq ft (200 kg/m2)
Power/mass: 0.20 hp/lb (0.33 kW/kg)

Armament

Guns: 4 × 20 mm (0.787 in) Hispano Mk II cannon
Rockets: 8 × RP-3 unguided air-to-ground rockets.
Bombs: 2 × 500 lb (230 kg) or 2 × 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs

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